La democracia en los centros educativos españoles: concepciones de docentes y estudiantes

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12795/revistafuentes.2021.15375

Palabras clave:

concepciones, democracia, educación, escuela, ciudadanía, participación, representación, elitismo

Resumen

Las concepciones de docentes y estudiantes sobre la democracia influyen en las actitudes, las expectativas y las posibilidades de esta forma de gobierno, por ello resulta fundamental conocerlas. El objetivo de esta investigación es describir las concepciones de democracia en el centro educativo que tienen docentes y estudiantes en España. Para ello se realizó una investigación fenomenográfica cuyos participantes fueron 15 profesores y 15 alumnos de centros educativos españoles. Los resultados sugieren tres concepciones sobre la democracia en el centro escolar, aunque con ligeras diferencias entre ambos grupos. En primer lugar, una concepción elitista que reduce la democracia a la libre competencia y elección de centro por parte de las familias, cuyos discursos jerarquizados resultan afines a la filosofía neoliberal. Una representativa que enfatiza el voto como mecanismo de decisión. Las principales diferencias entre docentes y estudiantes se encuentran bajo esta concepción, ya que mientras el profesorado tiende a desestimar el poder real del estudiantado, el alumnado llega a reclamar injerencia en decisiones trascendentales del centro. Finalmente, una concepción participativa que se caracteriza por la horizontalidad y la toma de decisiones consensuada. Promover esta concepción participativa resulta fundamental para fomentar el pensamiento crítico y la intervención de todas las personas en los asuntos comunes, avanzando así hacia sociedades más justas y equitativas.

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Publicado

2021-05-16

Cómo citar

Belavi, G., Flores-Sánchez, C., Guiral, C., & Türk, Y. (2021). La democracia en los centros educativos españoles: concepciones de docentes y estudiantes. Revista Fuentes, 23(2). https://doi.org/10.12795/revistafuentes.2021.15375

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Investigaciones