The Potential Benefits of Water Reallocation among Agricultural Users

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12795/anduli.2022.i22.09

Palabras clave:

producción de cultivos, riego, usos del agua, medio ambiente, Cuenca del Río Grande-Bravo, México

Resumen

Irrigated fields produce a large share of the world’s crops, but in many river basins agriculture faces growing competition from other water users. This paper focuses on the intensity of irrigation water use, i.e., the volume of water applied per unit of irrigated land, in the ten irrigation districts located on the Mexican side of the Rio Grande-Bravo Basin. Based on the analysis of historical production data for the districts’ main crops, results show that irrigation intensity varies widely among the districts and through time. Local environmental conditions (aridity and seasonal availability of water) explain most of this variability; however, district-level organizational characteristics (plot sizes and the land tenure regime) also play a role. These features of agricultural water use within the water-stressed river basin point to substantial opportunities for using water transfers to meet non-agricultural water needs (including environmental uses) without affecting overall crop production.

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Biografía del autor/a

Nicholas Sisto, Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila,Mexico

Coordinador de posgrado y profesor investigador en el Centro de Investigaciones Económicas de la Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila (México). Imparte materias en dos programas de posgrado (Maestría y Doctorado) en Economía Regional. Doctor en Economía por University of Toronto (Canadá) y Maestro en Ciencas Aplicadas por École Polytechnique de Montréal (Canadá), su trabajo de investigación se centra en la Economía de los Recursos Naturales, en particular el uso agrícola del agua y los servicios urbanos de agua.

Sergei Severinov, Vancouver School of Economics, Canada

Sergei Severinov es un microeconomista que trabaja en las áreas de teoría económica, diseño de mecanismos y mercados, mercados del agua, comunicación estratégica e intercambio de información. Se doctoró en Economía por la Universidad de Stanford (EE.UU.). Actualmente es profesor de la Vancouver School of Economics de la Universidad de Columbia Británica en Vancouver. Anteriormente ha impartido clases en la Universidad de Duke, la Universidad de Essex y la Universidad de Wisconsin-Madison, ha ocupado puestos de visitante en la Paris School of Economics, el C.I.R.E.Q de Montreal y ha sido National Fellow en la Hoover Institution de la Universidad de Stanford. También ha trabajado en Yahoo! en temas de diseño de mercados y mecanismos y publicidad en Internet. Ha publicado extensamente en revistas académicas, como Journal of Political Economy, Rand Journal of Economics, Journal of Economic Theory, American Economic Journal of Economics, Games and Economic Behavior y otras.

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Publicado

2022-08-07

Cómo citar

Sisto, N., & Severinov, S. (2022). The Potential Benefits of Water Reallocation among Agricultural Users. ANDULI, Revista Andaluza De Ciencias Sociales, (22), 165–179. https://doi.org/10.12795/anduli.2022.i22.09