Inteligencia emocional: Un estudio del TEIQue-SF aplicado a líderes potenciales en el ámbito universitario

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12795/rea.2023.i45.01

Palabras clave:

Inteligencia emocional, Liderazgo, Inteligencia emocional rasgo, TEIQue

Resumen

La inteligencia emocional está cobrando cada más más relevancia en multitud de ámbitos y también en el empresarial. Este protagonismo actual motiva que a que diferentes corrientes de trabajo sugieran la idea de que la inteligencia emocional es un factor importante para un liderazgo efectivo en las organizaciones.

Nuestro trabajo encaminó su estudio hacia el análisis de la inteligencia emocional del alumnado universitario por dos motivos: por un lado, la tarea de la dirección es una labor compleja, tanto por las funciones desarrolladas en sí mismas, como por las habilidades y requisitos que se necesitan. Por otro lado, el alumnado universitario, concretamente aquél relacionado con los estudios de dirección de empresas, puede verse potencialmente involucrado en futuros procesos de selección para la ocupación de puestos de responsabilidad.

El proceso llevado a cabo para conocer el grado de tal inteligencia, para predecir sus capacidades de liderazgo y sus posibilidades de adecuación a roles de relevancia, se ha instrumentado a través de una adaptación del cuestionario de Autoinforme de Petrides en su forma corta. Del mismo modo, se ha buscado identificar las principales dimensiones que configuran la inteligencia emocional, partiendo de una inicial propuesta de investigación de dicho autor.

Los resultados encontrados en cuanto a la autovaloración de alumnos universitarios muestran un error estándar de la media muy pequeño, entendiéndose que las respuestas recogidas son bastante acertadas con respecto a la realidad. Por lo tanto, como conclusión, en las cuestiones planteadas en cuanto a la autovaloración de competencias e inteligencia emocional para asumir puestos de responsabilidad, se puede afirmar que el alumnado muestra un nivel de inteligencia emocional medio-alto. Esto refleja una tendencia clara a ofrecer un alto nivel de evaluación de sí mismos, dando muestra de un significativo nivel de autoconfianza y seguridad. Además, entre las consideraciones finales se han sugerido diferentes posibles líneas de investigación futuras, buscando alternativas que permitan implementar medidas para paliar la subjetividad en las apreciaciones, a través de los propios cuestionarios o el diseño de las preguntas, o proponiendo diseñar nuevas metodologías didácticas que permitan desarrollar las dimensiones de la inteligencia emocional del alumnado identificadas a través de este estudio.

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Biografía del autor/a

Isabel Coronado-Maldonado, Universidad de Málaga

Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Departamento de Economía y Administración de Empresas

Rocío Díaz-Muñoz, Universidad de Málaga

Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Departamento de Economía y Administración de Empresas

José Luis González-Sodis, Universidad de Málaga

Facultad de Ciencias de la Educación. Grupo de Investigación Innovación y Desarrollo Educativo Inclusivo (HUM-1009)

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Publicado

2023-02-24

Cómo citar

Coronado-Maldonado, I., Díaz-Muñoz, R. ., & González-Sodis, J. L. . (2023). Inteligencia emocional: Un estudio del TEIQue-SF aplicado a líderes potenciales en el ámbito universitario. Revista De Estudios Andaluces, (45), 8–22. https://doi.org/10.12795/rea.2023.i45.01
Recibido 2022-02-22
Aceptado 2022-12-13
Publicado 2023-02-24
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