Transnational at Home: Intercultural Gardens and the Social Sustainability of Cities in Innsbruck, Austria

Autores/as

  • Markus Schermer

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12795/HabitatySociedad.2013.i7.04

Palabras clave:

Jardines interculturales, espacio transnacional, transmigración, sostenibilidad social, capital social

Resumen

The impact of social stability and cohesion on the sustainability of cities gains importance as changing relations between societal groups of different cultural background increasingly shape life in urban environments
due to global migration. Urban gardening initiatives and intercultural gardens are receiving growing public attention, especially within Germany and Austria, as a means of migrant integration. The paper uses the intercultural community garden in the Austrian city of Innsbruck as a case to illustrate these processes. The empirical material is based on interviews, besides observations during a public garden visit and newspaper clippings. The paper describes changing patterns from classical
emigration over work migration to transmigration and living in transnational social spaces. Intercultural gardens are conceptualized as specific forms of transnational spaces, which localize them and at the same time open them to multi-ethnic spaces. As intercultural gardens
are organized as communal spaces, they provide new social networks for persons from different provenance and encourage various learning processes. Thus they impact on two key dimensions of the social sustainability of cities, social cohesion and the stability of communities,
and allow new ways of interaction between different cultures beyond assimilation and integration.

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Biografía del autor/a

Markus Schermer

Associated professor with a main research focus on rural sociology and agro-food studies.

Citas

Al-KATTIB, Jasmin. Interkultureller Garten Innsbruck -

Verständigung auf unüblichen Wegen (Der Standard

12.2011) <http://dastandard.at/1322872911495/

Interkultureller-Garten-Innsbruck-Verstaendigungauf-

unueblichen-Wegen> (Accessed on 1.3.2013).

AMELINA, Anna. Transnationale Migrantion jenseits

von Assimilation und Akkulturation Berliner Journal

für Soziologie, 2010, vol. 20, n.º 2, p. 357-279.

ARMSTRONG, Donna. A survey of community gardens

in upstate New York: Implications for health

promotion and community development. Health &

Place, 2000, vol. 6, p. 319-327.AUGUSTINA, Imas;

BEILIN, Ruth. Community Gardens: Space for Interactions

and Adaptations.Procedia - Social and Behavioral

Sciences 2012, vol. 36, p. 439-448.

BALASZTI, Erika; JASCHINSKI Ina; KYTIR, Josef;MARIK-LEBECK, Stephan; WIESBAUER Alexander; FASSMANN Heinz. Migration &Integration - zahlen.

daten.indikatoren 2012. Vienna: Statistik Austria

<http://www.bmi.gv.at/cms/BMI_Service/Integration_

/migration_integration_2012_72dpi.pdf>

(Accessed on 12.11.2013).

BARTOLOMEI, Linda; CORKERY, Linda; JUDD, Bruce; THOMPSON Susan. A Bountiful Harvest: Community Gardens and Neighbourhood Renewal in

Waterloo. New South Wales Government – Department of Housing; University of New South Wales, 2003. <http://www.housing.nsw.gov.

au/NR/rdonlyres/546938ED-F0E9-433F-9861-3093F11664E6/0/ABountifulHarvest.pdf> (Accessed on 12.11.2013).

BAUER Werner. Zuwanderung nach Österreich. Wien: Österreichische

Gesellschaft für Politikberatung und

Politikentwicklung-ÖGPP, 2008. <http://www.forschungsnetzwerk.

at/downloadpub/zuwanderung_

nach_oesterreich_studie2008_oegpp.pdf> (Accessed

on 12.11.2013).

BECKIE, Mary; BOGDAN, Eva. Planting roots: Urban

agriculture for senior immigrants Journal of Agriculture,

Food Systems, and Community Development, 2010,

vol. 1, n.º 2, p. 77–89.

BELASCO, Warren. Meals to Come. A History of the Future

of Food. Berkeley: University Press of California.

California Studies in Food and Culture, 2006.

BOURNE, Larry. Migration, immigration and social sustainability:

The recent Toronto experience in comparative

context. Toronto: Joint Centre of Excellence

for Research on Immigration and Settlement,

<http://ceris.metropolis.net/Virtual%20Library/

Demographics/bourne1.html> (Accessed on

11.2013).

BRAMLEY, Glen, POWER, Sinead. Urban form and social

sustainability: the role of density and housing

type. Environment and Planning B, 2009, vol. 36, p.

-48.

BUDE, Heinz. Die Ausgeschlossenen. Das Ende vom Traum

einer gerechten Gesellschaft, München: Hanser, 2008.

CHIU Rebekka. Social Sustainability, sustainable development

and housing development: The experience

of Hong Kong. In FORREST, Ray and LEE,

James (eds.) Housing and social change: East-west perspectives,

Routledge, 2003, p. 221-239.

COLEMAN, James. Social Capital in the Creation of

Human Capital. The American Journal of Sociology.

, vol. 94, p. 95-120.

CORRIGAN Michelle: Growing what you eat, developing

community gardens in Baltimore, Maryland.

Applied Geography, 2011, vol. 31, p. 1232-1241.

CUMMINS, Steven, MACINTYRE, Sally. “Food deserts”

–evidence and assumption in health policy making.

British Medical Journal, 2002, vol. 325, p. 436-438.

DEMPSEY, Nicola; BRAMLEY, Glen; POWER, Sinead;

BROWN, Caroline. The Social Dimension of Sustainable

Development: Defining Urban Social Sustainability.

Sustainable Development, 2011, vol. 19, p.

-300.

FAIST, Thomas. The Transnational Social Spaces of Migration.

Bielefeld: COMCAD, (Working Papers-Center

on Migration, Citizenship and Development; 10), 2006.

FAIST, Thomas. Diaspora and transnationalism: What

kind of dance partners? In BAUBÖCK, Rainer and

FAIST, Thomas (eds.) Diaspora and Transnationalism

Concepts, Theories and Methods Amsterdam University

Press, 2010, p. 9-34,

FLAVELL, N. Urban Allotment Gardens in the

Eighteenth Century: The Case of Sheffield. The

Agricultural History Review, 2003 vol. 51, n.º 1, p. 95-

FLORA, Jan et al. New Immigrants in Local Food Systems:

Two Iowa Cases International Journal of Sociology

of Agriculture and Food, 2012, vol. 19, n.º 1, p. 119-

FRANCIS, Mark: A Research Agenda for the Impact

of Community Greening, Revisited. Community Greening

Review, 2009, vol. 13, p. 61-63

communitygarden.org/docs/cgr2009.pdf> (Accessed

on 10.11.2013).

FUREY, Sinaed; STRUGNELL, Christopher; MCLLVEEN,

Heather. An investigation of the potential

existence of “food deserts’’ in rural and urban areas

of Northern Ireland. Agriculture and Human Values,

, vol. 18, n.º 4, p. 447-457.

GLICK - SCHILLER, Nina; BASCH, Linda; BLANCSZANTON

Christina. From Immigrant to Transmigrant: Theorizing Transnational Migration. Anthropological

Quarterly, 1995, vol. 68, n.º 1, p. 48-63.

KELLY, Monica. Cultivating Respect for Difference: exploring

the enactment of community at HOPE garden in

Parkdale, Toronto. Masters Thesis University of Western

Ontario, London, Canada, 2012.

LONDON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION.

A Great London: Making It Happen. 2007.

<http://www.londonsdc.org/documents/research/

Making_it_happen_scn_12Oct07.pdf>. (Accessed

on 11.11.2013).

MANZI, Tony; LUCAS, Karen; JONES, Tony Lloyd;

ALLEN Judith. Social sustainability in urban areas:

communities connectivity and the urban fabric. Eathscan,

MAUSS, Marcel. Die Gabe: Form und Funktion des Austauschs

in archaischen Gesellschaften. Frankfurt/Main:

Surkamp Verlag, 1990 [1924].

METCALF, Sarah; WIDENER, Michael. Growing

Buffalo’s capacity for local food: A systems framework

for sustainable agriculture. Applied Geography,

, vol. 31, p. 1242-1251.

MOULIN-DOOS, Claire. Intercultural gardens: the

use of space by migrants and the practice of respect.

Journal of Urban Affairs, published online: 16

May 2013 DOI: 10.1111/juaf.12027.

MÜLLER, Christa. Wurzeln schlagen in der Fremde. Internationale

Gärten und ihre Bedeutung für Integrationsprozesse,

München: Oekom Verlag, 2002.

MÜLLER, Christa. Intercultural Gardens Urban Places

for Subsistence Production and Diversity German

Journal of Urban Studies, 2007, vol. 46, n.º 1,

www.difu.de/node/5963> (Accessed on 1.3.2013)

MÜLLER, Christa. Zur Bedeutung von interkulturellen

Gärten für eine nachhaltige Stadtentwicklung.

In GSTACH, Doris; HUBENTHAL, Heidrun; SPITHOVER, Maria (eds). Gärten als Alltagskultur im internationalen Vergleich. Arbeitsberichte des Fachbereiches Architektur, Stadtplanung, Landschaftsplanung. Universität Kassel, 2009, vol. 169, p. 119-134.

MÜLLER, Christa. Urban gardening – über die Rückkehr

der Gärten in die Stadt. München: Ökom Verlag,

MURPHY, Kevin The social pillar of sustainable development:

a literature review and framework for policy

analysis, Sustainability: Science, Practice & Policy,

vol. 8, n.º 1 p. 15-29. <http://sspp.proquest.

com/static_content/vol8iss1/1008-041.murphy.

pdf> (Accessed on 12.11.2013).

PIERSON John. Tackling Social Exclusion. London:

Routledge, 2002.

PORTES, Alejandro. Social capital: its origins and

applications in modern sociology. Annual Review of

Sociology, 1998, vol. 24, p. 1-24.

PORTES, Alejandro; SENSENBRENNER, Jiulia. Embeddedness

and Immigration: Notes on the Social

Determinants of Economic Action American Journal

of Sociology, 1993, vol. 98, n.º 6, p. 1320-1350.

PRIES, Ludger. Internationale Migration. Transcript Verlag.

PRIES, Ludger. Transnationalismus, Migration und

Inkorporation. Herausforderungen an Raum- und

Sozialwissenschaften. Geographische Revue Zeitschrift

für Literatur und Diskussion, 2003, vol. 5, n.º 2, p.

-38.

SIEBEL, Walter. Die Zukunft der Städte. Aus Politik

und Zeitgeschichte, 2010, vol. 17, p. 3-9.

RATCLIFFE, Peter. Is the assertion of minority identity

compatible with the idea of a socially inclusive

society? In ASKONAS, Peter; STEWARD, Angus

(eds). Social Inclusion: Possibilities and Tensions. Basingstoke:

Macmillan, 2000, p. 169-185.

RENTING, Henk; SCHERMER, Msrkus; ROSSI, Adanella.

Building Food Democracy: Exploring Civic

Food Networks and Newly Emerging Forms of

Food Citizenship. International Journal of Sociology of

Agriculture and Food, 2012, vol. 19, n.º 3, p. 289-307.

ROSENFELD Martin: Mobility and social capital

among Lebanese and Beninese entrepreneurs engaged

in transnational trade. International Review of

Sociology, 2012, vol. 22, n.º 2, p. 211-228.

ROSOL Marit, Gemeinschaftsgärten in Berlin – eine qualitative

Untersuchung zu Potenzialen und Risiken bürgerschaftlichen

Engagements im Grünflächenbereich vor

dem Hintergrund des Wandels von Staat und Planung,

PhD Thesis Humbold Universität, Berlin, 2006.

<http://edoc.hu-berlin.de/dissertationen/rosolmarit-

-02-14/PDF/rosol.pdf> (Accessed on

11.2013).

ROSOL, Marit, Public Participation in Post-Fordist Urban

Green Space Governance: The Case of Community

Gardens in Berlin. International Journal of

Urban and Regional Research, 2010, vol 34, n.º 3, p.

-563.

RUSH, Lara. Rethinking bridging: risk and trust in

multiracial community organizing. Urban Affairs

Review, 2010, vol. 45, n.º 4, p. 483-506.

SETO, Darlene. Diversity and engagement in alternative

food practice: community gardens in Vancouver MA.

Thesis University of Calgary, 2009.

ubc.ca/bitstream/handle/2429/39820/ubc_2012_

spring_seto_darlene.pdf?sequence=3> (Accessed

on 12.11.2013).

TABORSKY, Ursula: Naturzugang als Teil des Guten Lebens: Die Bedeutung interkultureller Gärten in der Gegenwart. Frankfurt am Main; Wien: Verlag Peter Lang, 2008.

TAFT, Ronald. The Shared Frame of Reference Concept

Applied to the Assimilation of Immigrants.

Human Relations, 1953, vol. 6, p. 45-55.

TURKINGTON, Richard; SANGSTER, Kim. From

housing mix to social mix-Housing’s contribution

to social sustainability. Town and Country Planning,

, p. 184-185.

WOIDICH Andreas Tu felix Austria? Migration von

Deutschland nach Österreich im Trend – Eine Studieüber deutsche Erwerbstätige in den Bundesländern Tirol,

Salzburg und Oberösterreich. Diploma Thesis Ludwig-

Maximilians-Universität München, 2009.

www.forschungsnetzwerk.at/downloadpub/Migration_

von_Deutschland_nach_Oesterreich_im_

Trend.pdf> (Accessed on 12.11.2013).

WALTER, Pierre. Theorising community gardens as

pedagogical sites in the food movement. Environmental

Education Research, 2013, vol. 19, n.º 3, p. 521-

WOOLCOCK, Michael. Social Capital and Economic

Development: Towards a Theoretical Synthesis and

Policy. Theory and Society, 1998, vol. 27, p. 151-124.

Descargas

Publicado

2014-11-01

Cómo citar

Schermer, M. (2014). Transnational at Home: Intercultural Gardens and the Social Sustainability of Cities in Innsbruck, Austria. Hábitat Y Sociedad, 7(7). https://doi.org/10.12795/HabitatySociedad.2013.i7.04