Roman-indigenous interaction in the Salas River valley (Northwest Iberia): the Roman camp of Alto da Raia and its archaeological landscape

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12795/spal.2024.i33.06

Palabras clave:

Campamento romano, Teledetección, Geofísica, Datación por radiocarbono y luminiscencia, Geoquímica, Arqueobotánica

Resumen

Este trabajo aborda la investigación arqueológica y la contextualización histórica del recinto del Alto da Raia, situado en la frontera entre el norte de Portugal y Galicia, identificado como posible campamento romano, siguiendo un enfoque interdisciplinar y multiproxy. Esto incluyó excavación arqueológica, teledetección y prospección geofísica, así como recogida de muestras para estudios arqueobotánicos y geoquímicos mediante análisis químicos y mineralógicos y datación absoluta mediante protocolos de radiocarbono y luminiscencia.

Los resultados parecen indicar que este yacimiento fue un campamento romano y que fue construido y ocupado probablemente entre el siglo I a.C. y el siglo I d.C., cuando se produjeron importantes cambios en el noroeste de Iberia impulsados por la expansión del Estado romano. El campamento se solapa con ocupaciones prehistóricas anteriores que posiblemente se remontan a la Edad del Bronce y a la Edad del Hierro.

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2024-03-19

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Fonte, J., Tereso, J. P., Costa Vaz, F., Rodrigues, A. L., Dias, M. I., Marques, R., Russo, D., Monteiro, P., Costa Rodrigues, M., Pereiro, T., Carvalho, J., Raimundo, F., Cardoso, V., Jorge, C., García Sánchez, J., Gago, M., Gonçalves, J. A., Meunier, E., Oliveira, N. y Oltean, I. (2024) «Roman-indigenous interaction in the Salas River valley (Northwest Iberia): the Roman camp of Alto da Raia and its archaeological landscape», SPAL - Revista de Prehistoria y Arqueología, (33.1), pp. 137–163. doi: 10.12795/spal.2024.i33.06.

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