The Underground Economy in Times of Crisis: An Analysis of Undeclared Work in Europe.


  • Mónica Pérez-Magro Universidad de Huelva
  • José María Millán-Tapia Universidad de Huelva
  • Ana Millán-Tapia
  • Concepción Román-Díaz Universidad de Huelva

Palabras clave:

Underground economy, undeclared work, EU-28, Eurobarometer, Heckman, Probit


This study analyzes undeclared work as a key portion of the shadow economy in the EU-28, with special focus on its incidence, dynamics, structure, differences across countries and underlying determinants. To this end, linear regression and binary discrete choice models are applied to microdata drawn from 2 special Eurobarometers which are designed to explore undeclared work phenomenon in the years 2007 and 2013. Our results stress the importance of (i) the individual assessment of irregular and individualistic behaviours; (ii) the perceived risk of being detected undertaking paid undeclared work; (iii) the occupation; and (iv) the aggregated conditions, as determinants of undeclared work. The implications of these results for the existing policy options for dealing with the shadow economy are also discussed.


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Biografía del autor/a

Ana Millán-Tapia

Universidad Pablo de Olavide




Cómo citar

Pérez-Magro, M., Millán-Tapia, J. M., Millán-Tapia, A., & Román-Díaz, C. (2017). The Underground Economy in Times of Crisis: An Analysis of Undeclared Work in Europe. Revista De Estudios Andaluces, (34), 66–70. Recuperado a partir de



Summary of the Articles
Recibido 2017-07-18
Aceptado 2017-07-18
Publicado 2017-07-25

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