Estudio de los Efectos de la Morfología Urbana en la Actividad Física

Autores/as

  • Olta Brace Universidad Politécnica de Tirana

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12795/rea.2016.i33.02

Palabras clave:

Morfología urbana, dispersión urbana, hábitos de vida, actividad física, salud

Resumen

Un gran número de estudios, realizados principalmente en países anglosajones y del norte de Europa, han evaluado las posibles correlaciones existentes entre morfología urbana y la actividad física ligada a los desplazamientos (caminar y bicicleta). Los resultados de dichos estudios han puesto de manifiesto como las áreas urbanas de baja densidad, con usos de suelo segregados, escasez de servicios en proximidad, escasez de transporte público y espacios públicos de baja calidad reducen las probabilidades de desplazamientos relacionados con la actividad física (caminar y bicicleta) y aumentan la dependencia del vehículo privado. En este artículo se comprueba cómo estos resultados son coherentes con los obtenidos en un estudio realizado en un área de la Europa mediterránea concretamente en el municipio de Mairena del Aljarafe. Con ello es posible afirmar que en nuestro entorno existe también relación entre la morfología urbana, la actividad física y el uso de modos de transporte relacionados con la actividad física (caminar y bicicleta). Estos resultados deberían servir para que los planificadores y gestores territoriales y urbanísticos tomasen medidas encaminadas a evitar el aumento de áreas urbanas dispersas y el fomento de núcleos de centralidad. Estas medidas ayudarían a reducir la dependencia del vehículo privado y fomentarían los desplazamientos no motorizados, permitiendo mantener los tres pilares del desarrollo sostenible (ambiental, económico y social).

 

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Publicado

2016-07-25

Cómo citar

Brace, O. (2016). Estudio de los Efectos de la Morfología Urbana en la Actividad Física. Revista De Estudios Andaluces, (33), 24–39. https://doi.org/10.12795/rea.2016.i33.02