EL ESTUDIO DE LAS RELACIONES HUMANO-ANIMALES EN LA ACTUAL “ENCRUCIJADA AMBIENTAL”

Santiago Montero Cruzada, Garry Marvin

Resumen


Las relaciones que se producen entre seres humanos y animales se han convertido en un tema clave, emergente y a tener muy en cuenta dentro del actual debate, tanto académico como social, preocupado por cuestiones ambientales. Pero a pesar de su importancia, los animales han permanecido relegados a un segundo plano analítico en los relatos etnográficos, fundamentalmente como elementos subsidiarios de las prácticas, los discursos y los simbolismos culturales. No obstante, las herramientas teóricas y metodológicas que posee la Antropología pueden ayudar a la mejor comprensión de dichas relaciones y, con ello, a estimular el entendimiento acerca de cómo y por qué se construyen ciertas ecologías. Trayendo a los animales al centro de los estudios antropológicos y considerándolos actores implicados en la construcción de los mundos sociales humanos, con este trabajo invitamos a reflexionar sobre la pertinencia de adoptar una mirada que vaya “más allá de lo humano” como una forma de comprender adecuada y empíricamente las relaciones socioecológicas particulares dentro del nuevo escenario global de crisis ambiental.


Palabras clave


Relaciones humano-animales, Antropología, etnografía, medio ambiente, Antropoceno, crisis

Texto completo:

PDF

Referencias


Agamben, Giorgio (2010) Lo abierto. El hombre y el animal. Valencia: Pretextos.

Alexiades, Miguel N. (2018) “La Antropología Ambiental: una visión desde el Antropoceno”. En Beatriz Santamarina, Agustín Coca y Oriol Beltrán (coords.)

Antropología Ambiental. Conocimientos y prácticas locales a las puertas del Antropoceno. Barcelona: Icaria, Institut Catalá d’Antropología, pp. 17-70.

Andersson, E., Björck, A., Jennbert, K. y Lönngren, A. S. (eds.) (2014) Exploring the Animal Turn. Human-Animal Relations in Science, Society and Culture. Lund: Pufendor Institute for Advanced Studies.

Arias Maldonado, Manuel (2016) “El giro antropocénico. Sociedad y medio ambiente en la era global”. Política y Sociedad 53 (3), pp. 795-814.

Arias Maldonado, Manuel (2017) Antropoceno. La política en la era humana. Madrid: Taurus.

Badmington, Neil (2003) “Theorizing Posthumanism”. Cultural Critique 53, pp. 10-27.

Benson, E. S.; Braun, V.; Langford, J. M.; Münster, D.; Münster, U. y Schmitt, S. (2017) “Introduction”. En The Multispecies Editing Collective (ed.) Troubling Species: Care and Belonging in a Relational World. Munich: Rachel Carson Center, pp. 5-8.

Berkes, Fikret y Folke, Carl (1998) Linking Social and Ecological Systems. Management Practices and Social Mechanisms for Building Resilience. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Buller, Henry (2013) “Animal Geographies I”. Progress in Human Geography (primera version online, pp. 1-11.

Caro Baroja, Julio (1974) Ritos y mitos equívocos. Madrid: Istmo.

Cassidy, Rebecca (2012) “Live With Others. Climate Change and Human-Animal Relations”. Annual Review of Anthropology 41, pp. 21-36.

Castree, Noel (2014) “The Anthropocene and the Environmental Humanities: Extending the Conversation”. Environmental Humanities 5, pp. 233-260.

Ceballos, G.; Ehrlich, P. R.; Barnosky, A. D.; García, A.; Pringle, R. M. y Palmer, T. M. (2015) “Accelerated Modern Human Induced Species Losses: Entering the Sixth Mass Extinction”. Science Advances 1 (5), pp. e1400253.

Chakrabarty, Dipesh (2014) “Climate and Capital: On Conjoined Histories”. Critical Inquiry 41 (1), pp. 1-18.

Chrulew, Matthew (2011) “Managing Love and Death at the Zoo: The Biopolitics of Endangered Species Preservation”. Australasian Humanities Review 50, pp. 137-157.

Clark, Nigel (2014) “Geo-politics and the Disaster of the Anthropocene”. The Sociological Review 62 (S1), pp. 19-37.

Coca, A., Cáceres, R. y Valcuende, J. M. (2018) “Human-Animal Sexual Relations and the Construction of Masculinity in Livestock Farming Contexts: The Case of Andalusian (Spain)”. Sexualities 0 (0), pp. 1-18.

Crate, Susan A. (2011) “Climate and Culture: Anthropology in the Era of Contemporary Climate Change”. Annual Review of Anthropology 40, pp. 175-194.

Crutzen, Paul J. y Stoermer, Eugene (2000) “The Anthropocene”. Global Change Newsletter 41, pp. 17-18.

Cruzada, S. M. (2017) “Nosotros también somos indígenas: la vulnerabilidad del naturalismo en contextos occidentales de convivencia entre especies”. Etnografica 21 (1), pp. 49-71.

Cruzada, S. M. (2019) Encuentros de vida y muerte. Antropología transespecie y mundos ampliados entre cazadores y animales en el suroeste extremeño. Tesis Doctoral. Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla.

Darwin, Charles [1872] (2009) The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. Londres: Penguin Classics.

DeMello, Margo (2012a) Human-Animal Studies: A Bibliography. Brooklyn: Lantern Books.

DeMello, Margo (2012b) Animal and Society: An Introduction to Human-Animal Studies. New York: Columbia University Press.

Deleuze, Gilles y Guattari, Félix (1987) A thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Derrida, Jacques (2002) “The Animal that Therefore I am (More to Follow)”. Critical Inquiry 28 (2), pp. 369-418.

Descola, Phillipe (2013) Beyond nature and culture. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Descola, Phillipe y Pálsson, Gísli (coords.) (2001) Naturaleza y sociedad. Perspectivas antropológicas. México: Siglo XXI.

Despret, Vinciane (2018) ¿Qué dirían los animales… si les hiciéramos las preguntas correctas?. Buenos Aires: Cactus.

Digard, Jean-Pierre (2012) “Le Tournant Obscurantiste en Anthropologie. De la Zoomanie á L’animalisme Occidentaux”. L’Homme. Revue Française d’Anthropologie 203-204, pp. 555-578.

Dupré, John (1981) “Natural Kinds and Biological Taxa”. The Philosophical Review 9, pp. 66-90.

Dupré, John (1992) “Species: Theoretical Contexts”. En Evelyn F. Keller y Elisabeth A. Lloyd (eds.) Keywords in Evolutionary Biology. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, pp. 312-317.

Ellen, Roy y Fukui, Katsuyoshi (1996) Redefining Nature: Ecology, Culture and Domestication. Oxford: Berg.

Ellen, R., Parkes, P. y Bicker, A. (eds.) (2000) Indigenous Environmental Knowledge and its Trnasformations: Critical Anthropological Perspectives. Studies in Environmental Anthropology 5. Amsterdam: Harwood.

Ellis, Erle C. (2011) “Anthropogenic transformation of the terrestrial biosphere”. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 369, pp. 1010-1035.

Escalera-Reyes, Javier (2018) “¿Servicios de los ecosistemas o en los socioecosistemas?: Una mirada crítica al marco de los servicios ecosistémicos desde la Antropología. En Beatriz Santamarina, Agustín Coca y Oriol Beltrán (coords.) Antropología Ambiental. Conocimientos y prácticas locales a las puertas del Antropoceno. Barcelona: Icaria, Institut Catalá d’Antropología, pp. 71-82.

Evans-Pritchard, Edward E. ([1940] 1977) Los nuer. Barcelona: Anagrama.

Faier, Lieba y Rofel, Lisa (2014) “Ethnographies of Encounter”. Annual Review of Anthropology 43, pp. 363-377.

Fairhead, James R. (2016) “Termites, Mud Daubers and their Earths: A Multispecies Approach to Fertility and Power in West Africa”. Conservation and Society 14 (4), pp. 359-367.

Flynn, Clifton P. (ed.) (2008) Social Creatures: A Human and Animal Studies Reader. New York: Lantern Books.

Franklin, Adrian (1999) Animals and Modern Cultures. A Sociology of Human-Animal Relations in Modernity. Londres: SAGE Publications.

Geertz, Clifford (1992) La interpretación de las culturas. México: Gedisa.

Guillo, Dominique (2015) “What Is the Place of Animal in the Social Sciences? The Limits to the Recent Rehabilitation of Animal Agency”. Revue Française de Sociologie 56 (1), pp. 116-141.

Hamilton, C.; Gemenne, F. y Bonneuil, C. (eds.) (2015) The Anthropocene and the Global Environmental Crisis: Rethinking Modernity in a New Epoch. Londres: Routledge.

Haraway, Donna (2003) The Companion Species Manifiesto. Chicago: Prickly Paradigm Pres.

Haraway, Donna (2008) When Species Meet. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Haraway, Donna(2011) “Speculative Fabulations for Technoculture’s Generations: Taking Care of Unexpected Country”. Australian Humanities Review 50, pp. 95-118.

Haraway, Donna(2015) “Anthropocene, Capitalocene, Plantationocene, Chthulucene: Making Kin”. Environmental Humanities 6, pp. 159-165.

Harris, Marvin (1989) Bueno para comer. Enigmas de alimentación y cultura. Madrid: Alianza Editorial.

Herzog, Hal (2012) Los amamos, los odiamos y los comemos. Esa relación tan especial con los animales. Barcelona: Kairós.

Ingold, Tim (1989) “An Anthropologist Looks at Biology”. Man (N.S.) 25, pp. 208-229.

Ingold, Tim (2000) The Perception of the Environment: Essays in Livelihood, Dwelling and Skill. Londres: Routledge.

Ingold, Tim (2013) “Anthropology Beyond Humanity”. Suomen Antropologi/Journal of the Finnish Anthropology Society 38 (3), pp. 15-23.

Jaclin, David (2013) “In the (Bleary) Eye of the Tiger: An Anthropological Journey into Jungle Backyards”. Social Science Information 52 (2), pp. 257-271.

Kalof, Linda y Fitzgerald, Amy (eds.) (2007) The Animals Reader: The Essential Classic and Contemporary Writings. Oxford: Berg.

Kirksey, Eben S. (2015) “Species: A Praxiographic Study”. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 21 (4), pp. 758-780.

Kirksey, Eben y Helmreich, Stefan (2010) “The Emergence of Multispecies Ethnography”. Cultural Anthropology 25 (4), pp. 545-576.

Kirksey, S. E.; Shapiro, N. y Brodine, M. (2013) “Hope in Blasted Landscapes”. Social Science Information 52 (2), pp. 228-256.

Knight, John (2018) “Human-Animal Relations”. En Hilary Callan (ed.) The International Encyclopedia of Anthropology, 12 Volume Set. New York: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 1-8.

Kohn, Eduardo (2007) “How Dogs Dream: Amazonian Natures and the Politics of Transspecies Engagement”. American Ethnologist 34 (1), pp. 3-24.

Kohn, Eduardo (2013) How Forest Think. Toward an Anthropology Beyond the Human. Berkeley, Los Angeles, Londres: University of California Press.

Latimer, Joanna (2013) “Being Alongside: Rethinking Relations Amongst Different Kinds”. Theory, Culture & Society 30 (7-8), pp. 77-104.

Latour, Bruno (2014) “Agency at the Time of the Anthropocene”. New Literary History 45 (1), pp. 1-18.

Leach, Edmund (1989) “Anthropological Aspects of Language: Animal Categories and Verbal Abuse”. Anthrozoös: A Multidisciplinary Journal of the Interactions of People and Animals 2 (3), pp. 151-165.

Lestel, Dominique (2011) “What Capabilities for the Animal?”. Biosemiotics 4 (1): 83-102.

Lestel, Dominique (2013) “The Withering of Shared Life Through the Loss of Biodiversity”. Social Science Information 52 (2), pp. 307-325.

Lestel, D., Brunois, F. y Gaunet, F. (2006) “Etho-ethnology and ethno-ethology”. Social Science Information 45 (2), pp. 155-177.

Lestel, Dominique y Taylor, Hollis (2013) “Shared Life: An Introduction”. Social Science Information 52 (2), pp. 183-186.

Lévi-Strauss, Claude (1965) El totemismo en la actualidad. México: Fondo de Cultura Económica.

Liu, J.; Dietz, T; Carpenter, S. R.; Alberti, M.; Folke, C.; Moran, E.; Pell, A. N.; Deadman, P.; Kratz, T.; Lubchenco, J.; Ostrom, E.; Ouyang, Z.; Provencher, W.; Redman, C. L.; Schneider, S. H. y Taylor, W. W. (2007) “Complexity of Coupled Human and Natural Systems”. Science 317, pp. 1513.

Livingston, Julie y Puar, Jasbir K. (2011) “Interspecies”. Social Text 29 (1), pp. 3-14.

Locke, Piers y Münster, Ursula (2015) “Multispecies Ethnography”. En John L. Jackson (ed.) Oxford Bibliographies in Anthropology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Disponible en https://oxfordindex.oup.com/view/10.1093/obo/9780199766567-0130.

Lorimer, Jamie (2015) Wildlife in the Anthropocene. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Marvin, Garry (1988) Bullfight. Urbana, Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

Marvin, Garry y McHugh, Susan (eds.) (2014) Routledge Handbooks of Human-Animal Studies. London, New York: Routledge.

Marvin, Garry (2018) Human-Animal Studies: Critical Concepts in the Social Sciences – 4 Volumes. Londres: Routledge.

Milton, Kay (1997) “Ecologies: Anthropology, Culture and the Environment”. International Social Science Journal 49 (154), pp. 477-495.

Mol, Annemarie (2002) The Body Multiple: Ontology in Medical Practice. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Morris, Brian (2000) Animals and Ancestors: An Ethnography. New York: Berg.

Mullin, Molly H. (1999) “Mirrors and Windows: Sociocultural Studies of Human-Animal Relationships”. Annual Reviews of Anthropology 28, pp. 201-224.

Ogden, L. A., Hall, B. y Tanita, K. (2013) “Animals, Plants, People, and Things: A Review of Multispecies Ethnography”. Environment and Society: Advances in Research 4 (1), pp. 5-24.

Pitt-Rivers, Julian (1983) “El sacrificio del toro”. Revista de Occidente 36, pp. 27-47.

Raffles, Hugh (2002) In Amazonia: A Natural History. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Rappaport, Roy (1984) Pigs for the Ancestors: Ritual in the Ecology of a New Guinean People. New Haven, Londres: Yale University Press.

Regan, Tom y Singer, Peter (eds.) (1976) Animal Rights and Human Obligation. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.

Ritvo, Harriet (2007) “On the Animal Turn”. Daedalus 136 (4), pp. 118-122.

Rodríguez Carreño, Jimena (ed.) (2012) Animales no humanos entre animales humanos. Madrid: Plaza y Valdés.

Rose, Debora Bird y Van Dooren, Thom (2011) “Unloved Others: Death of the Disregarded in the Time of Extinctions (Introduction)”. Australian Humanities Review 50, pp. 1-4.

Sanders, Clinton R. (2007) “Mind, Self, and Human-Animal Joint Action”. Sociological Focus 40 (3), pp. 320-336.

Serpell, James A. (2008) In the Company of Animals: A Study of Human-Animal Relationships. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Shanklin, Eugenia (1985) “Sustance and Symbol: Anthropological Studies of Domesticated Animals”. Annual Review of Anthropology 14, pp. 375-403.

Simmons, Laurence y Armstrong, Philip (eds.) (2007) Kbowing Animls. Leiden & Boston: Brill.

Sloterdijk, Peter (2018) ¿Qué sucedió en el siglo XX?. Madrid: Ediciones Siruela.

Stengers, Isabelle (2015) In Catastrophic Times: Resisting the Coming Barbarism. Lüneburg, Alemania: Open Humanities Press, Meson Press.

Trischler, Helmuth (2017) “El Antropoceno, ¿un concepto geológico o cultural, o ambos?”. Desacatos 54, pp. 40-57.

Tsing, Anna L. (2004) Friction: An Ethnography of Global Connection. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Tsing, Anna L. (2013) “Unintentional Design in the Anthropocene”. En AURA Working Papers, Volume 1, AURA’S Openings More Than Human. Aarhus University: Dinamarca, pp. 43-53.

Tsing, Anna L. (2014) “Blasted Landscapes (and the Gentle Arts of Mushroon Picking)”. En Eben Kirksey (ed.) The Multispecies Salon. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, pp. 87-110.

Van Dooren, Thom (2011) “Vultures and Their People in India: Equity and Entanglements in a Time of Extinctions”. Australian Humanities Review 59, pp. 45-61.

Van Dooren, Thom (2012) “Nature in the Anthropocene? A Reflection on a Photograph”. The Yearbook of Comparative Literature 58, pp. 228-234.

Van Dooren, T,; Kirksey, E. y Münster, U. (2016) “Multispecies Studies. Cultivating Arts of Attentiveness”. Environmental Humanities 8 (1), pp. 1-23.

Viveiros de Castro, Eduardo (2004) “Perspectivismo y multiculturalismo en la América Indígena”. En Alexander Surrallés y Pedro García Hierro (eds.) Tierra adentro: territorio indígena y percepción del entorno. Copenhage: IWGIA, pp. 37-80.

Watson, Matthew C. (2016) “On Multispecies Mythology: A Critique of Animal Anthropology”. Theory, Culture & Society 33 (5), pp. 159-172.

Wolfe, Cary (2010) What is Posthumanism?. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Yates-Doerr, Emily (2015) “Does Meat Come From Animals? A Multispecies Approach to Classification and Belonging in Highland Guatemala”. American Ethnologist 42 (2), pp. 309-323.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.1279/RAA.2020.18.02

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.