Análisis de la Potencialidad de Ocurrencia de Vertederos Ilegales en la Isla de La Palma, España.

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Lorenzo Carlos Quesada-Ruiz

Resumen

La proliferación de vertederos ilegales (VI) tiene impactos negativos, especialmente en áreas ecológicamente sensibles o de gran atractivo turístico, como los territorios insulares. Este trabajo se centra en la caracterización de los vertederos ilegales localizados en la Isla de La Palma. Se identificaron 153 localizaciones de vertederos ilegales mediante trabajo de campo y la fotointerpretación de ortofotografías con resolución espacial de 0,5 m de los años 2012 y 2015. Esta información se incluyó en una base datos geoespacial junto a distintas variables potencialmente explicativas de diferente tipología (150): tipo de residuo, control y vigilancia, socioeconómicas, de accesibilidad, distancia a elementos de interés, visibilidad y físicas. Con apoyo de la estadística exploratoria (AE) y técnicas de análisis multivariante: análisis factorial (AF) y análisis discriminante (AD), se analizó el grado de asociación entre las variables explicativas y la ocurrencia de VI. AF explicó una varianza acumulada del 82,34% considerando siete factores (Kaiser Mayer Olking: 0,71). AD mostró una correlación canónica del 0.854. AD consiguió distinguir entre zonas afectadas y no afectadas, usando variables como: densidad de población, distancia a superficies agrícolas, distancia a núcleos urbanos o la pendiente y el indicador de vegetación de diferencia normalizada (NDVI). Asimismo, AF identificó estas mismas variables como variables controladoras de la ocurrencia de VI.

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Quesada-Ruiz, L. C. (2017). Análisis de la Potencialidad de Ocurrencia de Vertederos Ilegales en la Isla de La Palma, España. Revista De Estudios Andaluces, (34), 380–398. https://doi.org/10.12795/rea.2017.i34.13
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