China’s economic challenge to Europe

Europa y el desafío económico de China


  • Robert Wihtol Asian Institute of Management


Palabras clave:

Iniciativa de la Franja y la Ruta, China, tácticas de divide y vencerás, Unión Europea, arquitectura económica internacional, competición tecnológica.


China es el mayor desafío económico de Europa. La aspiración de China por el dominio geopolítico, económico y tecnológico está tensionando gravemente sus relaciones con Europa, que se encuentran en una clara trayectoria descendente. Las posiciones se han endurecido por ambas partes, con China volviéndose económicamente hacia adentro y la Unión Europea etiquetando a China como un competidor total, con limitadas áreas para el compromiso. El enfoque de China es a largo plazo y estratégico, explotando las divisiones internas de la UE y la débil cooperación transatlántica con Estados Unidos. A China le gustaría tener acceso a tecnologías avanzadas con posibles aplicaciones militares, y ha adquirido puertos europeos y otras infraestructuras estratégicas. A través de la Iniciativa de la Franja y la Ruta, se ha convertido en el mayor acreedor bilateral del mundo. En último término, China busca revisar la arquitectura económica internacional y “reescribir las reglas del juego”. La respuesta de Europa no ha estado bien coordinada, ha sido a corto plazo y fragmentaria, lo que refleja las divisiones internas en la Unión. Para responder eficazmente al desafío de China, Europa necesita superar los intereses nacionales, cooperar con sus aliados y actuar más estratégicamente.


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Cómo citar

Wihtol, R. (2023). China’s economic challenge to Europe : Europa y el desafío económico de China. Araucaria, 25(53).
Recibido 2023-01-31
Aceptado 2023-02-06
Publicado 2023-05-25
  • Resumen 254
  • PDF (English) 229