Cultural diversity in the adoption of open education in the Mediterranean basin: collectivist values and power distance in the universities of the Middle East


  • Romina Cachia Universidad de Sevilla
  • Mohammed Aldaoud German Jordanian University
  • Ayman M. Eldeib Universidad de El Cairo
  • Omar Hiari German Jordanian University
  • Adiy Tweissi Princess Sumaya University for Technology
  • Daniel Villar-Onrubia Coventry University
  • Katherine Wimpenny
  • Isidro Maya Jariego Universidad de Sevilla

Palabras clave:

Open Education, Middle East, Individualism-Collectivism, Power Distance, Community Readiness.


In this paper, we examine how open education is adopted in the Middle East region in the context of a European-funded project for capacity building in Higher Education. Basing our study on Hofstede’s model, we examine how culture, in particularly collectivism and power distance influence the adoption of open education. In addition, we look at the relationship between internationalisation of tertiary education and open education. Based on in-depth interviews, focus group, and participatory action research with experts in the fields from Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Palestine, our findings suggest that beyond the technical aspect and the development of content, adoption of open education in the Middle East region is influenced by cultural aspects, which needs to be taken into consideration. As an emerging sub-culture, open education has the potential to transform and change some cultural barriers related to both power distance and collectivist cultures.


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Biografía del autor/a

Romina Cachia, Universidad de Sevilla

Romina Cachia. Investigadora de la Universidad de Sevilla, la Universidad de Malta y el JRC de la Comisión Europea. Ha publicado varios informes sobre la creatividad y la innovación en el sistema educativo. Realizó su investigación doctoral sobre las redes personales de los inmigrantes altamente cualificados y los tipos de movilidad geográfica.

Mohammed Aldaoud, German Jordanian University

Mohammad Aldaoud. Profesor de ingeniería eléctrica y tecnologías de la información de la German Jordanian University, Jordania. Ha publicado sobre programación informática, centrando su trabajo en el análisis de imágenes ultrasonido.

Ayman M. Eldeib, Universidad de El Cairo

Ayman M. Eldeib. Profesor de ingeniería biomédica de la Universidad de El Cairo, Egipto. Ha desarrollado sofware específico para el diagnóstico médico.

Omar Hiari, German Jordanian University

Omar Hiari. Profesor de ingeniería eléctrica y tecnologías de la información de la German Jordanian University, Jordania. Ha realizado trabajos de diseño de Hardware.

Adiy Tweissi, Princess Sumaya University for Technology

Adiy Tweissi. Director del Centro de eLearning de la Universidad Princesa Sumaya para la Tecnología, Jordania. Es experto en tecnología educativa y ha realizado trabajos sobre inteligencia artificial y eLearning.

Daniel Villar-Onrubia, Coventry University

Daniel Villar-Onrubia. Laboratorio de Medios Disruptivos de la Universidad de Coventry, Reino Unido. Realizó su doctorado en la Universidad de Oxford. Ha publicado trabajos sobre las competencias digitales, las prácticas educativas abiertas, el aprendizaje conectado y la intersección entre tecnologías educativas e internacionalización de la educación superior.

Katherine Wimpenny

Katherine Wimpenny. Laboratorio de Medios Disruptivos de la Universidad de Coventry, Reino Unido. En su investigación analiza cómo las instituciones de educación integran aspectos éticos y culturales en el diseño de experiencias educativas, así como el impacto de las mismas en estudiantes culturalmente diversos.

Isidro Maya Jariego, Universidad de Sevilla

Isidro Maya Jariego. Profesor Titular de Psicología Social e Investigador Principal del Laboratorio de Redes Personales y Comunidades de la Universidad de Sevilla, España. Es autor de “Estrategias de Intervención Psicosocial” y “Comunidades preparadas para la salud”. Fue investigador principal del proyecto Erasmus+ de la Unión Europea “OpenMed” en la Universidad de Sevilla. Ha participado en proyectos del plan estatal de I+D+i (España), de COLCIENCIAS (Colombia), FONDECYT (Chile) y CONACYT (México), entre otros.


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Cachia, R., Aldaoud, M., Eldeib, A. M., Hiari, O., Tweissi, A., Villar-Onrubia, D., Wimpenny, K., & Maya Jariego, I. (2020). Cultural diversity in the adoption of open education in the Mediterranean basin: collectivist values and power distance in the universities of the Middle East. Araucaria, 22(44). Recuperado a partir de



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