A generalization concerning DP-­internal ellipsis


  • Guglielmo Cinque University of Venice


ellipsis, nominal phrases, movement


In this article I consider a particular generalization concerning ellipsis within the extended nominal projection: ellipsis can target a nominal modifier only if all constituents below it are also elided. Building on an analysis of ellipsis grounded in movement to left edges, I suggest that this generalization follows from a condition on DP-­internal movement proposed in Cinque (2005).


Download data is not yet available.


Androutsopoulou, Antonia. 1997. On remnant DP-movement in modern Greek,

M.A. Thesis, UCLA.

Beghelli, Filippo and Tim Stowell. 1997. Distributivity and Negation. In A. Szabolcsi, ed., Ways of Scope Taking. 71-107. Dordrecht: Kluwer. <http://www.linguistics.ucla.edu/people/stowell/Distrib-and-Neg.pdf> [02/10/2012].

Bernstein, Judith. 1993. The syntactic role of word markers in null nominal constructions. Probus 5: 5-38.

Braver, Aaron. 2009. DP-internal Ellipsis in Spanish. RULing IV <http://www.aaronbraver.com/research/handouts/braver_ruling_iv_2009. pdf> [02/10/2012].

Brucart, José María and María Luisa Gràcia. 1986. I Sintagmi Nominali Senza Testa. Rivista di Grammatica Generativa 11.3-32 <http://lear.unive.it/bitstream/10278/2088/1/1_Brucart-Gracia.pdf> [02/10/2012].

Cardinaletti, Anna. 1990. Subject/Object Asymmetries in German Null-Topic Constructions and the Status of SpecCP. In J. Mascaró and M. Nespor, eds., Grammar in Progress. 75-84. Dordrecht: Foris.

Chomsky, Noam. 1965. Aspects of the Theory of Syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Cinque, Guglielmo. 2005. Deriving Greenberg’s Universal 20 and its Exceptions. Linguistic Inquiry 36. 315-332. <http://lear.unive.it/bitstream/10278/91/1/Greenberg-LI.pdf> [02/10/2012].

Cinque, Guglielmo. 2008. Two types of non-restrictive relatives. In O. Bonami & P. Cabredo Hofherr, eds., Empirical Issues in Syntax and Semantics 7.99–137 <http://www.cssp.cnrs.fr/eiss6> [02/10/2012].

Cinque, Guglielmo. 2010. The Syntax of Adjectives. A Comparative Study. Cambridge. MA: MIT Press.

Contreras, Heles. 1989. On Spanish empty N’ and N. In: C.Kirschner and J.DeCesaris, eds., Studies in Romance Linguistics. 83-95. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

Corver, Norbert and Marjo van Koppen. 2009. Let’s focus on noun phrase ellipsis. Groninger Arbeiten zur Germanistischen Linguistik 48.3–26.

Dahl, Deborah. 1985. The Structure and Function of One-Anaphora in English. Bloomington: Indiana University Linguistics Club.

Eguren, Luis. 2009. Adjectives and deleted nominals in Spanish. In: E.Aboh, E.van der Linden, J.Quer, and P.Sleeman, eds., Romance Languages and Linguistic Theory 2007. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

Eguren, Luis. 2010. Contrastive Focus and Nominal Ellipsis in Spanish. Lingua 120.435-457.

Giannakidou, Anastasia and Melita Stavrou. 1999. Nominalization and ellipsis in the Greek DP. The Linguistic Review 16.295-331

Giusti, Giuliana. 1996. Is there a FocusP and a TopicP in the Noun Phrase Structure? University of Venice Working Papers in Linguistics, 6.2.105-128 <http://lear.unive.it/handle/10278/471> [02/10/2012)].

Huang, C.-T. James. 1984. On the Distribution and Reference of Empty Pronouns. Linguistic Inquiry 15.531-574

Jackendoff, Ray S. 1971. Gapping and related rules. Linguistic Inquiry 2.21-3. Jayaseelan, K. A. 1990. Incomplete VP deletion and gapping. Linguistic Analysis


Johnson, Kyle. 2000. Few dogs eat Whiskas or cats Alpo. In K. Kusumoto and E.

Villalta, eds., UMOP 23: Issues in semantics and its interface, pp. 59-82.

Johnson, Kyle. 2001. What VP ellipsis can do, what it can’t, but not why. In M.Baltin and C.Collins, eds., The Handbook of Contemporary Syntactic Theory. 439-479. Oxford: Blackwell.

Johnson, Kyle. 2009. Gapping is not (VP-)ellipsis. Linguistic Inquiry 40.289-328. Kayne, Richard S. 1994. The Antisymmetry of Syntax. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT


Kayne, Richard S. 2006. On Parameters and on Principles of Pronunciation. In H. Broekhuis, N. Corver,R. Huybregts, U. Kleinhenz and J. Koster (eds.) Organizing Grammar. Linguistic Studies in Honor of Henk van Riemsdijk. 289- 299. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. (reprinted in Kayne 2010).

Kayne, Richard S. 2008. Antisymmetry and the Lexicon. Linguistic Variation Yearbook 8.1-31 (reprinted in Kayne 2010).

Kayne, Richard S. 2009. More Articles Than Meet the Eye. Handout of a talk delivered at a Workshop on Bare Nouns, Université Paris Diderot – Laboratoire de Linguistique Formelle – UMR 7110 CNRS, November 27, 2009.

Kayne, Richard S. 2010. Comparisons and Contrasts. New York: Oxford University Press.

Kayne, Richard S. 2012. A note on grand and its silent entourage. Studies in

Chinese Linguistics 33(2): <http://www.cuhk.edu.hk/ics/clrc/scl_33.2/Kayne.pdf> [02/10/2012].

-85. Kester, Ellen-Petra, 1996b. Adjectival inflection and the licensing of emptycategories in DP. Journal of Linguistics 32.57-78.

Kester, Ellen-Petra and Petra Sleeman. 2002. N-ellipsis in Spanish. Linguistics in

the Netherlands 19.107-116.

Koopman, Hilda. 2000. The Syntax of Specifiers and Heads. London:Routledge.

Kornfeld, Laura and Andrés Saab. 2004. Nominal ellipsis and morphological structure in Spanish. In R.Bok-Bennema, R.B.Hollebrandse, B.Kampers- Manhe, and P.Sleeman, eds., Romance Languages and Linguistic Theory 2002. 183-198. Benjamins: Amsterdam.

Laczkó, Tibor. 2007. On Elliptical Noun Phrases in Hungarian. In M.Butt and T.Holloway King (eds.) Proceedings of the LFG07 Conference. 323-342. Stanford: CLSI Publications. [02/10/2012].

Llombart-Huesca, A., 2002. Anaphoric one and NP-ellipsis. Studia Linguistica 56.59-90.

Lobeck, Anne. 1995. Ellipsis: Functional Heads, Licensing and Identification. New York: Oxford University Press.

McCawley, James D. 1993. Gapping with Shared Operators. In BLS 19.245-253. McCawley, James D. 1998. The Syntactic Phenomena of English. Second Edition.

Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Ntelitheos, Dimitrios. 2004. Syntax of Elliptical and Discontinuous Nominals. M.A. Thesis, UCLA. <http://www.linguistics.ucla.edu/general/MATheses/Ntelitheos_UCLA_M A_2004.pdf> [02/10/2012].

Panagiotidis, Phoevos. 2003. One, empty nouns, and θ-assignment. Linguistic Inquiry 34.281-29.

Radford, Andrew. 1989. Profiling Proforms. Unpublished paper, University of Essex.< http://lear.unive.it/handle/10278/1566> [02/10/2012].

Raposo, Eduardo. 1986. On the Null Object in European Portuguese. In O.Jaeggli and C. Silva-Corvalan, eds., Studies in Romance Linguistics. 373- 390. Dordrecht: Foris.

Rizzi, Luigi. 1982. Violations of the Wh island constraint and the subjacency condition. In L.Rizzi Issues in Italian Syntax. 49-76. Dordrecht: Foris.

Rizzi, Luigi. 1994: Early Null Subjects and Root Null Subjects. In Hoekstra, T. & Schwartz, B.,eds., Language acquisition studies in generative grammar. 151- 176. Amsterdam: Benjamins (also in L.Rizzi. 2000. Comparative Syntax and Language Acquisition. 299-319. London: Routledge).

Ronat, Mitsou. 1977. Une contrainte sur l’effacement du nom. In Langue: Théorie generative étendue, M. Ronat (ed.), 153-169. Paris: Collection Savoir.

Ross, John R. 1982. Pronoun Deleting Processes in German. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Linguistic Society of America, S.Diego, California.

Saab, Andrés L. 2010. (Im)possible deletions in the Spanish DP. Iberia 2.45–83 <http://www.siff.us.es/iberia/index.php/ij/article/view/32/33> [02/10/2012].

Szendroi, Kriszta. 2010. A flexible approach to discourse-related Word order variations in the DP. Lingua 120. 864-878.

Sigurðsson, Halldór Ármann. 2011. Conditions on Argument Drop. Linguistic Inquiry 42.267-304.

Sleeman, Petra. 1993. Noun ellipsis in French. Probus 5.271-295.

Sleeman, Petra. 1996. Licensing Empty Nouns in French. Ph.D. Dissertation,

University of Amsterdam.

Toman, Jindřich.1996. A Note on Clitics and Prosody. In A.L.Halpern and A.M.Zwicky, eds., Approaching Second. Second Position Clitics and Related Phenomena. 505-510. Stanford: CSLI

Wang, Honglei, David Potter, and Masaya Yoshida. 2012. “Gapping” in DP? In J. Choi et al., eds., Proceedings of the 29th West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics. 268-275. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla.

Watanabe, Akira. 2010. Notes on nominal ellipsis and the nature of no and classifiers in Japanese. Journal of East Asian Linguistics, 19.61-74


How to Cite

Cinque, G. (2014). A generalization concerning DP-­internal ellipsis. IBERIA: An International Journal of Theoretical Linguistics, 4(1), 174–193. Retrieved from https://revistascientificas.us.es/index.php/iberia/article/view/232