Not always a stage. A typical patterns in Spanish copular clauses

Authors

  • Maria Eugenia Mangialavori Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. CONICET- Argentina

Keywords:

IL-Predication, Locative Semantics, Abstract Location, Stage Level Predicate, Copular Sentences

Abstract

The present paper focuses on cases that challenge the classical definition of the Spanish copula estar as stage-level, temporary or unstable predication by pat- terning with individual-level predicates (associated, by definition, with ser, rather than with estar).

More importantly, data also indicates that the choice for estar over ser is not semantically nor syntactically trivial, even in those contexts where similar aspectual implications are involved (i.e., even in the delivery of IL predicates). Ac- cordingly, we aim to show that (i) the distinctive semantic properties of estar oc- currences follow from its conceptual construal as a location (in either concrete or abstract space); and that (ii) a difeerent implementation of an implied comparison approach to the IL/SL distinction (cf. Franco & Steinmetz 1986) could succeed in capturing the two kind of predications rendered by estar in way that is more in tune with its primary (locative) semantic properties. Moreover, we will claim that a view on semantic content sensitive to cognitive operations available for locative predicates (e.g., perspectival location) may correctly account for difeerent facets of meaning classically ascribed to this copula (e.g., contrastiveness, subjectivity) as well as for the semantic and syntactic patterns restraining the selection of both the DP subject and the adjectival predicate. 

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How to Cite

Mangialavori, M. E. (2014). Not always a stage. A typical patterns in Spanish copular clauses. IBERIA: An International Journal of Theoretical Linguistics, 5(2), 1–37. Retrieved from https://revistascientificas.us.es/index.php/iberia/article/view/209

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