The Hybridization Of The Noir Genre As Expression Of Ethnic Heritage: Rafael Navarro’s Sonambulo




In his ongoing comic book series Sonambulo, versatile artist Rafael Navarro has been able to channel his Mexican American cultural heritage by creating a unique blend of narrative genres. In his work, Navarro exploits classic American film noir as a fundamental reference and hybridizes it with elements distinctive to a shared Chicanx heritage, such as lucha libre cinema, horror folktales, and border-crossing metaphors; the construction of an oneiric dimension helps bringing the narrative together, marking it with a peculiar ambiance. Drawing heavily on a diverse range of film genres, as well as ethnocultural pivots, this comic book series carves out a definite space in the panorama of the Mexican American production of popular culture, adding a powerful voice to the expression of US ethnic minorities.


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Author Biography

Anna Marta Marini, Instituto Franklin-UAH

PhD candidate and pre-doctoral fellow in North American Studies @ Instituto Franklin–UAH.


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How to Cite

Marini, A. M. “The Hybridization Of The Noir Genre As Expression Of Ethnic Heritage: Rafael Navarro’s Sonambulo”. Revista De Estudios Norteamericanos, vol. 25, June 2021, doi:10.12795/REN.2021.i25.07.



Received 2020-08-24
Accepted 2021-06-02
Published 2021-06-25